English & Other Languages

How to Learn English Online: 8 Tips for Success

You want to learn English, but you can’t always be physically present in the classroom; that’s understandable. But that doesn’t mean you have to abandon your dream of learning English – you can always learn English online! The following tips are useful alongside a course at a school, or even if you just want to study online.

Set a goal and create a study plan

Learning a new language may seem out of reach and overwhelming, especially if you want to do it on your own. A strategy and a plan are essential to have a common thread and to be able to divide the big goal into several small ones that are achievable. In addition to guaranteeing success, this also offers the opportunity to monitor your progress and maintain a good learning pace.

One of the best ways to do that is through SMART goals. They provide a clear structure for your English learning goals. SMART goals are specific, measurable, ambitious, realistic, and adherable to deadlines.

For example, if your goal is simply to improve your English online, it will be difficult to achieve. Rather, a SMART goal would be to improve your level of English by one level in 12 weeks.

Follow online guides from reputable English sources

The internet is full of content that will help you learn English online. Many English schools and English learning platforms regularly post related content with useful tips, directly from teachers. Keep an eye out for such articles and use the tips along with your goals to define SMART goals for each specific goal (e.g., improving your vocabulary, learning grammar online, or improving listening skills)

Language learning apps

Another way to learn English online is with apps. Make use of all the handy apps that can help you. The first step in learning English is to download a good translation app. Find one in which you can save words and which has a “word of the day.” You can also find interactive phonemic cards to aid in pronunciation. Apps like Memrise show the right way to remember words. With Duolingo, you can practice grammar and vocabulary in games.

Read lifestyle articles or news

Most of the time, people read online these days. One way to expand your access to English is to follow news and lifestyle websites. Reading lifestyle articles in blogs or magazines is a great way to learn everyday and natural language. You will learn about various topics and improve your reading skills and vocabulary with no effort.

Watch movies and listen to audiobooks

One of the easiest ways to learn English online is to watch a movie or TV show. Another, more unusual way is to listen to audiobooks on YouTube and, for example, to accompany a book that you are reading. This way, you can hear the words being spoken and hear the natural pronunciation. When learning English, it is important that you have assignments and activities related to the content – you will not learn by just looking and listening.

Get in touch with international friends

In the days before the internet, people used to be pen pals to learn new languages. It’s like being from another planet for today’s kids, but the concept behind it stays the same. If you have international contacts, write to them in English and practice your writing skills.

Follow relevant YouTube channels

Learning English on your own can be a lonely experience. YouTube allows you to experience something similar to a classroom. There is an endless collection of videos with grammar, vocabulary exercises, sample conversations, and anything else you can think of to need.

Register for online classes

Lastly, you can study English online with a teacher for the extra push. Life sessions with a teacher offer benefits such as direct correction, a focus on common mistakes that you don’t recognize on your own, and how to deal with weaknesses and how to overcome them. If you book lessons in an official school, you will also receive a certificate to prove your level of English – this is useful, for example, for applications for jobs or studying at a university.

It is important to make sure that the language teacher or school you choose is experienced and well established. If you’re trying to learn English online, a quick Google search for online English lessons brings you tens of pages. Unfortunately, there are many scam websites that claim to offer classes from professional teachers. Choosing the right online English lessons can make all the difference in your progress and certification worth.

7 Study techniques to accelerate English learning

Learning another language is already considered a basic need today, both from a personal and professional perspective. Therefore, it is important to diversify the study techniques to make the process feasible and accelerate.

In the global context, English is the language that most facilitates communication between different peoples and cultures, being relevant, especially, for the professional career. In view of this, it is worth investing in resources that help bring it into our daily lives.

In today’s post, you will learn some study techniques used to accelerate English language learning. Read our material below and start putting the tips into practice now!

Watching movies and series

This is a well-known method and, in fact, can be quite efficient. Even more nowadays, with the great diversity of films and series that we have access to, learning English has become much easier.

At first, it can be a little difficult to understand everything the characters are talking about. So, until you can understand better, you can add subtitles to read and listen to at the same time – with practice, only with listening will you be able to understand the dialogues.

The advantage of the series is that you can watch just one episode a day and gradually become familiar with the story. If you prefer movies to series, you will need a little more time available.

But, even so, try not to leave this task aside, as it can contribute a lot to your English!


Listening to music

If the idea is to learn another language, the more contact you have with it, the better.

Therefore, finding songs that you like in the new language will also help extend your vocabulary and learn some pronunciation.

But this mission must really be seen as a study technique. This means that it is useless to get songs with lyrics that you already know or that do not add so much to your learning.

To make it count, the ideal is to find pleasant songs, but that you do not know the words, to be able to learn new terms.

In the beginning, it is good to read the lyrics and research the unknown words to understand the meanings – after that, you will be able to practice pronunciation with singing!


Invest in classes or conversation groups

Anyone who already has a basic understanding of English should invest in conversation methods, especially grammar and vocabulary.

In fact, this is a “failure” that many people make: they know how to understand, but cannot speak.

And this can make it difficult for students to communicate at crucial moments, such as at a job interview. Therefore, it is essential to learn to “unfold” the speech by practicing, making mistakes, and learning more.

Classes focused on conversation are a great opportunity for this, but the interested person can also look for other means, such as groups at work or on the internet, and even arrange periodic meetings with friends to chat in English only.


Read books in English

Reading an entire book in another language may seem very difficult at first, but it is just a matter of habit. The tip is to start with smaller titles, with less complex vocabularies, and evolve little by little.

Another piece of advice is not to stop with every unknown word, which can impede reading flow and cause you to get tired of the activity quickly.

Look for the meaning only if you realize that its meaning is fundamental to the understanding of the story, otherwise, proceed with the reading and try to understand the general context.

In addition to greatly enriching the vocabulary, this technique will help you write better in English, as you will be attentive to the formation of phrases and the use of different terms.

If you prefer, another option is to download the audio from the book and listen to it along with the reading. This way, you can train your ear and, at the same time, the correct pronunciation of words.


Change the language of your devices

If the intention is to bring the new language into your routine, a good tip is to change your electronic devices’ language so that you learn new words and get used to the translated commands.

With that in mind, program your computer, GPS, smartphone, tablet, television, and all your other equipment into English. Also, look for applications that may be useful at this time.

This will further improve your level of understanding and your vocabulary. Just be careful not to misconfigure everything – when in doubt, it is best to look for the meaning of the word!

Make notes

The act of writing is still a very useful technique to stimulate memorization and learning. For this reason, many people create lists, tables, summaries, flowcharts, among other materials, to store important information.

In the case of a new language, it is worth noting the most difficult words for you, so that you can revise them whenever necessary.

You can write the words on paper (or even on your cell phone) and, daily, take the time to review the terms, repeating the study until you absorb them better.


Finally, one of the best ways to increase knowledge in English is to travel to an English-speaking country. Thus, you will be able to experience a daily experience with the language.

Keep in mind that everyday situations pose many challenges that greatly favor learning.

And even if you don’t have the opportunity to take a trip right now, try to prioritize cultural exchange as one of your goals. Certainly, this type of experience will go a long way towards mastering the language!

How important is reading in personal growth


The books are a mainstay in the cognitive and emotional development of the smallest. Embarking on reading from childhood provides delight and pleasure and brings a magnificent cultural, scientific, and literary heritage. It is a most effective transport that brings us closer to new and interesting worlds.

Reading is a wonderful interactive process in which an important relationship is established between the text and the reader that contributes to the development of the cognitive areas of the brain and emotional development. The importance of acquiring this habit from an early age is based on its benefits when it comes to studying, acquiring knowledge, and the possibility for children to experience sensations and feelings with which they enjoy, mature and learn, laugh and dream.

The problem is that today digitization has negatively influenced reading on many occasions, not only for children. It is often common to see children entertaining themselves with tablets or smartphones from a very young age, even before they learn to read or write. Regardless of the convenience or not of this habit, it is important to take advantage of this stage in which they are eager to receive information to awaken that innate curiosity by reading a book. For example, reading it to them.


Reading in the development of children: Main benefits

So what are the benefits of reading from childhood? The first, and most obvious, is to encourage children to be good readers in the future.

In all ages, reading is a vehicle of communication that implies a series of advantages in the development of the minor, even before they learn to speak, reading can be presented through drawings and illustrations.


Enjoying a book from a young age favors the learning of words – complex and non-complex- more quickly, improves their comprehension, spelling, expression, writing, exercises their brain, and greatly stimulates their creativity and imagination. This allows them to read aloud with greater confidence and to do well in school.

Likewise, if a child enters the adventures that a book provides, it undoubtedly increases attention, memory, and concentration, acquiring the ability to listen and understand what is said more effectively.


In addition, it is clear that reading allows you to let your imagination fly, transport your child to new worlds, evolvingly climbing in a creative capacity, making him, at the same time, more aware of his own emotions and improving empathy towards others.

When children read well, they increase their active learning, and a fairly great potential arises in the future of their development, achieving that their autonomy and their involvement in their own learning process are promoted.

Reading encourages them to be interested in different areas, such as nature, history, or art, helping them discover their vocation early.


How can we act as parents, guardians, monitors, and students to promote reading in childhood?

Latin Prefixes, roots and suffixes in english

Latin was the language spoken by the ancient Romans. As the Romans conquered most of Europe, the Latin language spread throughout the region. Over time, the Latin spoken in different areas developed into separate languages, including Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. These languages are considered “sisters,” as they all descended from Latin, their “mother” language.

Linguists estimate that some 60% of our common everyday English vocabulary today comes from French. Thus, many Latin words came into English indirectly through French.

Many Latin words came into English directly, though, too. Monks from Rome brought religious vocabulary as well as Christianity to England beginning in the 6th century. From the Middle Ages onward many scientific, scholarly, and legal terms were borrowed from Latin.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, dictionary writers and grammarians generally felt that English was an imperfect language whereas Latin was perfect. In order to improve the language, they deliberately made up a lot of English words from Latin words. For example, fraternity, from Latin fraternitas, was thought to be better than the native English word brotherhood.

Many English words and word parts can be traced back to Latin and Greek. This latin prefixes and suffixes table, we list some common Latin roots, latin prefixes numbers and suffixes.

You can also check out this post on common Latin words in English language


The following table gives a list of Latin prefixes worksheet and their basic meanings.

The following table gives a list of Latin prefixes worksheet and their basic meanings.

Latin prefix

Basic meaning

Example words



coauthor, coedit, coheir


away, off; generally indicates reversal or removal in English

deactivate, debone, defrost, decompress, deplane


not, not any

disbelief, discomfort, discredit, disrepair, disrespect


between, among

international, interfaith, intertwine, intercellular, interject



nonessential, nonmetallic, nonresident, nonviolence, nonskid, nonstop



postdate, postwar, postnasal, postnatal



preconceive, preexist, premeditate, predispose, prepossess, prepay


again; back, backward

rearrange, rebuild, recall, remake, rerun, rewrite



submarine, subsoil, subway, subhuman, substandard


across, beyond, through

transatlantic, transpolar


Suffixes and root

Words and word roots may also combine with suffixes. Here are examples of some important English suffixes that come from Latin

Latin suffix

Basic meaning

Example words

-able, -ible

forms adjectives and means “capable or worthy of”

likable, flexible


forms nouns from verbs

creation, civilization, automation, speculation, information

-fy, -ify

forms verbs and means “to make or cause to become”

purify, acidify, humidify


forms nouns from verbs

entertainment, amazement, statement, banishment

-ty, -ity

forms nouns from adjectives

subtlety, certainty, cruelty, frailty, loyalty, royalty; eccentricity, electricity, peculiarity, similarity, technicality



Latin root

Basic meaning

Example words


to say

contradict, dictate, diction, edict, predict


to lead, bring, take

deduce, produce, reduce


to walk

digress, progress, transgress


to throw

eject, inject, interject, project, reject, subject


to drive

compel, dispel, impel, repel


to hang

append, depend, impend, pendant, pendulum


to carry

comport, deport, export, import, report, support

-scrib-, -script-

to write

describe, description, prescribe, prescription, subscribe, subscription, transcribe, transcription


to pull, drag, draw

attract, contract, detract, extract, protract, retract, traction


to turn

convert, divert, invert, revert



Here are some more Latin prefixes that you can commonly find in English Language




a, an

without, not

asexual, amoral, anarchy, anhydrous, Anabaptist, anachronism

ab, abs, a

apart, away from

abnormal, abduct, abductor (muscle), abscission .See ad in Prefixes,



adhere, adductor (muscle) . See ab in Prefixes section), adumbrate



agent, agency, agenda

amphi, ambi

round, both sides

amphitheater, amphibian, ambidextrous, ambivalent



antedate, anteroom, antecedent, anterior



anthropology, anthropomorphic



antipathy, antitank, anticlimax



aquarium, aqueous



archeology, archetype, archaic, archeozoic


leader, first, chief

monarchy, oligarchy, anarchy, archetype, architect



audiophile, audiometer, auditory



automatic, automaton, auto-immune



bi-partisan, bisexual, biennial, binary, bicuspid, bivalve


well, favorable

benefit, benevolent, benefactor, beneficent



bibliography, Bible, bibliophile



biology, biography, bio-active






homicide, parricide, germicidal, ecocide



circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate



constitution, statute



corpse, corporeal punishment, corpus callosum



democracy, theocrat, technocracy



credit, (see also roots section)



democracy, demographic


two, double

dimorphism, dicotyledon, diatomic


across, through

diagonal, dialectic, dialogue, diagnosis


not, apart

disperse, disinherit, disenfranchise, distend



dominant, dominion


be able

dynamic, dynamo, dynasty, dynamite


I, self

ego, egomaniac, egocentric,



upon, over

epidermis, epidemic, epigram, epitaph, epithet, epiphyte, epistasis, epinephrine, epiphysis



exotic, exterior, extraneous, extemporaneous, exophalmic, exogenous, exothermic, exoskeleton


league, pact

federation, confederate



fraternize, fraternity, fraternal, fratricide



geology, geography, geocentric, geomancy


write, record

graphic, graphite, graphology,


mixed, unlike

heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox, heterodont, hetero atom, heterocyclic, heterozygous,


same, alike

homogeneous, homogenized, homozygous, homolytic fission, Homo sapiens, homonid, homeostasis


the same

identity, idiopathic, I, individual



ideology, ideation, ideal


one’s own

idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiopathic



incarcerate, incorporate, inculcate, induction, inductance, indigenous, indicator, inspiration

in, im


incredible, ignoble, inglorious, inhospitable, infinite, infinitesimal, immoral



Latin Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes – InfoPlease. https://www.infoplease.com/arts-entertainment/writing-and-language/latin-roots-prefixes-and-suffixes

50 Common latin words in english you should know

Latin is one of the oldest and most ancient languages to exist in history. While there may not be cities and countries full of people speaking Latin these days, that doesn’t mean the ancient language is something you can just forget about. Not only are many of our words in English (not to mention many other languages) derived from Latin, but many of its words and phrases are still used in today’s daily speaking and writing.

About sixty percent of the English language comes from Latin. You would be surprised the number of words, and which words exactly have their origins from Latin. Out of the large number, we compiled quite a few.  Here are 50 Latin words in English translation, their definitions and the English derivatives.

If you’re interested in more about the connection of the English language and Latin, check out this article on Latin prefixes.

You can as well challenge yourself further to think of more English words that may have come from these Latin roots, and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.

Latin Words in English Language

Latin Word


English Derivatives


villa, house

villa, village, villager


tall, high, deep

altitude, altimeter, alto


antique, old

antique, antiquity, ancient



longitude, longevity, long


large, great

magnify, magnificent, magnitude



picture, picturesque, pictorial



novice, novel, novelty, nova, Nova Scotia


land, earth

terrier, terrace, terrestrial, terrain



prime, primary, primitive, primeval



subway, subterranean, suburban



cornucopia, cornet, clavicorn



estate, establish, essence



have, habit, habitual


small house







parval, parvanimity


wide, broad

latitude, lateral, latitudinal



bonus, bonanza, bona fide



copious, cornucopia, copiously



fame, famous, infamous



province, provincial, provincialism



multitude, multiple, multiplex


to name

nominate, nominal, name, nominative



postlude, postgraduate, posthumous



nonfction, nonmetal, nonexistent






aquatics, aquarium, aqueduct, aqueous






bestial, bestiality


figure, shape

figure, figurine, figment, figurative



flame, flamboyant, flambeau



herb, herbivorous, herbage



insular, insulate, insularity



language, lingual, linguistics



nautical, nautilus



pirate, piratical



scholar, school, scholastic



albino, albinism albumen



amicable, amicability, amity



beatific, beatify, beatitude






me, my



miracle, miraculous, mirage



noted, note, notice, notable, noticeable



obscure, obscured, obscurity



perilous, peril


near to







quiet, quietude, disquiet



circumstance, circumnavigate, circumspect


Here are a few more words to add to the list;

Latin Word


English Derivatives



foliage, foliaceous, foliar



aurorial, aurorean, aurous



plumbing, plumbous, plumbic, plumbeous


to change

mutation, commute, transmute


to wound

vulnerable, invulnerable, vulnerary


to avoid

inevitable, inevitably, inevitability



morbid, morbidity, morbific



populous, population, popular



radius, radial, radiation


arms (weapons)

arms, armed, armament, army



saxatile, saxicoline, saxifrage



        50 Common Latin Phrases Every College Student Should Know. https://practicalpages.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/50-common-latin-phrases-every-college-student-should-know.pdf

        English Vocabulary Derived from Latin – Page 4. http://www.enhancemyvocabulary.com/word-roots_latin_4.html

ancient greek words used in english today

With a history stretching back more than 3,500 years, the Greek language unsurprisingly offers an array of beautiful words, rich in meaning, with which to acquaint yourself. In the English-speaking world, it’s impossible to go a day without coming across at least one word of Greek origin. From the marmalade adorning our morning toasts, to the music we play and the dramas we watch at the cinema, the Ancient Greeks have thoroughly infiltrated the modern English we speak today. There are over 150,000 examples to point at. There are many varieties such as ancient Greek words for love and ancient Greek words for power.

Here are some of these Ancient Greek Words In English.

Greek Words Used In English


To give kudos is to offer fame, glory or high recognition of achievement. Note that in American English usage, kudos can take on plural form; for example, “ He deserves many kudos for such work.”


Contrary to popular belief, phobia isn’t just fear, it’s an irrational and exaggerated fear of something. Phobia can be associated with people, animals or situations.


A plethora refers to an over abundance or excess; a superabundance. For example, you might say, “We have a plethora of food for this party.”


Genesis means birth, origin or the coming into being of something, which is why the first book of the Bible is called Genesis.


Dogma refers to a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. Dogma is usually associated with religion, where the principles and beliefs are undisputable and authoritative. Pluralized, dogma becomes ‘dogmas’ or dogmata.


In Greek, ethos means “accustomed place.” It is used in the English language to refer to the disposition or characteristics of a specific ideology or person.


Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells, or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. There are over 400 types of Anemia.


Acme refers to the highest point of an achievement or development. It represents perfection of the thing expressed, for example, “He has reached the acme of his career.”


Agora comes from the word for an open market place found in many of the cities of ancient Greece. In the modern day we use this word to describe any type of open assembly or congregation.


Founded by famous Greek mathematician, Archimedes, eureka represents a celebrated discovery. When Archimedes discovered that the water displaced by submerging a part of his body in the bath, was equal to the volume of the submerged body part,  he ran into the street shouting eureka! Eureka!


This means to show love to strangers. Hospitality was considered to be one of the most virtuous qualities in ancient Greek culture, and philoxenia is the word to describe the value and respect extended towards a guest or visitor in your home or a stranger on the street. The term dates back to ancient Greece, where guests of the Spartan king abused the philoxenia shown to them by abducting the king’s wife, triggering the Trojan War.


This means a burning desire. There’s no English word that captures the extent of passion and desire that kapsoura evokes. In Greek, the word denotes the kind of love that burns so ardently that it threatens to consume itself.


This means honour. There is no succinct definition for the Greek word philotimo. It is a powerful word used to describe individuals full of integrity and honour, encompassing the pride one takes in living a rich, considerate and meaningful life.


Used to describe The smell of wet earth. So untranslatable is this word that the English language has simply borrowed the term directly from Greek. Petrichor is a poetic way of describing the smell of the earth after it has rained. The word is made up of the Greek petra, meaning ‘stone’, and īchōr, the blood of the gods in Greek mythology.


This means to do something with complete passion and love and is usually associated with a task or creative endeavour. The closest English saying is ‘labour of love’, but this has a more negative connotation. The word meraki is positive and all-consuming, with its roots found in merak, a Turkish term meaning to do something with pleasure.


Meaning uncontrollable joy, this word describes overwhelming happiness or euphoria, or a good mood or disposition.


This defines a young man of note. Taken from the ancient Greek pallax, which meant young man or young lad, the modern Greek word palikari is used to describe a young man who is in his prime or has achieved something great beyond his years.


Meaning healthy in both mind and body, this is nother ancient Greek word that is still in use today. Sophrosyne describes an individual who has a masterful control of both their mind and body, along with excellence of character, and is at peace with themselves.


Meaning the right moment to act. Closely related to the Greek word for time, chronos, kairos is less a measure of the hours and years than the acknowledgement of one special moment in time. It is the idea of the ripe, perfect moment for action.


This word evokes a stage of friendship that sees companions, who simply enjoy each other’s company, get together to share their values, ideas and philosophies.


As used in English, comes from the ancient Greek pará, which means ‘beside’, ‘alongside’ and kósmos, meaning ‘world’, ‘universe’. This word denotes a detailed imaginary world.


From the word akri (“tip” or “edge”) and the verb vaino (“to walk”), an acrobat is someone who walks on the edge, often on tiptoe.


A lot of Greek words used in English like to disguise themselves as Old French or Latin. Don’t let looks deceive you, though: This example actually comes from the Greek word koimame which means“to sleep”, which is also the root of another word, koimitirion — “dormitory”. Is it creepy, then, that we call our final places of rest dormitories for the dead? Perhaps.


Cynicism comes from the Cynics, a school of Ancient Greek philosophers. Their namesake is probably derived from a public gymnasium (school) where one of Socrates’s pupils taught called Cynosarges (“white dog” or “swift dog,” depending on who you ask). According to one myth, the Athenians were in the middle of making an offering to Heracles when a dog snatched the animal and deposited it near the location where the school was later built.


Ahh, good old democracy. Combining demos (“people”) and kratos (“power”), the meaning of this quintessential Greek word used in English is simply put: power to the people!


How would you describe a dinosaur? If you came up with something similar to “fear-inspiring reptile,” congratulations. The name we use to call these magnificent, ancient creatures comes from the Greek words deinos (“terrible”) and savra (“lizard”).


According to Ancient Greek mythology, Europe was a mythological princess with big, beautiful eyes, a trait reflected in the very origins of her name: evrys (“broad”) and ops (“eye”). When the god Zeus laid his own eyes on her, it was love at first sight. He quickly transformed himself into a white bull and spirited her off to the faraway lands we now call Europe.


Many Greek words used in English have mythological origins. Galaxy, a.k.a. the Milky Way, comes from the Greek word for milk, gala. According to one myth, the Milky Way was created by Zeus’s baby son, Heracles, after he tried suckling on his step-mother’s milk while she slept. When Hera woke up to discover that she was breastfeeding an infant that was not her own, she pushed the child away, causing her milk to spurt into the universe.


Hermaphrodite was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite, who apparently couldn’t be bothered with finding a new name for their child. As the most handsome man in the word, Hermaphrodite became an object of affection for the nymph Salmacis. After wishing for eternal love, the gods answered her prayers by joining the two lovers in one body.


Thousands of long-distance footraces take place every year around the world. Officially, a marathon is 42.1 km (or 26.1 miles) long, in a nod to the actual distance between two Greek cities. Legend has it that in 490 B.C., Pheidippides ran all the way to Athens from a battlefield in Marathon to announce to the world that the Persians had been defeated at the aptly-named Battle of Marathon. After his victorious announcement, he collapsed and died. In 2010, Greece celebrated the battle’s 2,500 year jubilee with — you guessed it — a marathon.


Although dictionaries will tell you that the word comes from Portuguese, it in fact comes from the Greek words meli (“honey”) and milo (“apple”). Some sources say that the Ancient Greeks liked cooking quinces (marmelos in Portuguese) with honey.


This common Greek word used in English has a somewhat bizarre etymology. Coming from the Greek words melas (“black”) and khole (bile), it was once thought that when your spleen produces an excess of black bile, you feel gloomy. This belief is rooted in the Ancient Greek school of medicine called humorism, which hypothesized that body fluids (“humors”) directly influenced a person’s mood.


Music literally means art of the Muses, the nine Greek goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences. The concept of a museum was originally intended to be a shrine for the Muses.


Narcissism comes from the Ancient Greek mythological figure of Narcissus, a young man who fell in love with himself when he saw his reflection in a lake. One nymph who fell passionately in love with him withered away into nothingness when he ignored her, leaving no trace behind but her voice. Her name was Echo.


The word panic comes from the name of the Ancient Greek goat-god Pan, who spread terror among nymphs like Echo..


Planet comes from the Greek verb planomai, which means “to wander.” To the Ancient Greeks, planets were simply wandering stars.


From the Greek word for flesh, sarx, sarcasm describes the (metaphorical) act of stripping someone’s flesh off with a sneering comment.


Combining the words schizein (“to split”) and phren (“mind”), the meaning of this particular Greek word used in English is pretty self-explanatory.


Thespian is a fancy word for actor, especially a theater actor. The name comes from Thespis himself, a 6th century B.C. Ancient Greek poet who was said to be the first person to ever appear on a stage as an actor.

If you’d like to learn more, here are some latin words used in english. Check them out.


30 Basic Spanish Vocabulary words for beginners

Learning a new language can be one of the hardest things to do; quite tasking, especially if you need it to be speaking it real soon. There’s even a theory that says the older you are, the harder it is to learn a new language.

Are you travelling to Spain or a Spanish speaking country? Are you afraid the locals might not understand you and you might get stranded? Sure, you may come across some people who may understand English or any other language you speak, and honestly that would be just fine. But you have to admit that things would be so much smother and easer for you, if you spoke Spanish, even if it was just to introduce yourself.

Maybe you’re even learning Spanish for a job. It could even be for academic purposes; a lot of people take Spanish across many levels of education so maybe it’s for school. Maybe you just want to learn Spanish because you like the language, which is a very valid reason, because Spanish is really just an amazing language. Whatever your reason, it can be agreed that this looks like it’ll be no easy task to accomplish.

Not to worry though! Learning this Spanish Vocabulary words pdf  has been made easy! As easy as learning kindergarten vocabulary words.


Spanish is the second most widely spoken first language in the world, with more than 400 million speakers. With these 30 Basic Spanish Vocabulary Words and Phrases for Beginners, you’ll be well on your way to become a fluent Spanish speaker. And don’t worry so much about pronunciations; Spanish speakers are very warm and accommodating; they’ll mostly appreciate the gesture, and you do not have to worry too much about making mistakes, or speaking as fast as a native speaker would so it is not obvious that you are a learner. Just take it slow, and whoever you may be speaking too will understand and reciprocate!


We’ve also added basic sentences for you; to make learning Spanish Vocabulary words with pictures easier so, you can understand the context and manner in which some of these words are used!


It’s important to note that we are not trying to take the place of a Spanish tutor. Should you seek to be learning more, then please by all means, use a language app in collaboration with this guide, or get a tutor for maximum results. Here’s our Spanish Vocabulary words list

Spanish Phrase Bank

Say you’re new in a place, and you are looking to make an entrance. If you’re looking to introduce yourself to someone, then you can say;

  1. Me llamo — My name is
  2. Mi nombre es — My name is

You could also begin with another word, such as ‘soy, which means ‘I am’

  1. Soy —  I am
  2. Hola, soy Markus — Hi, I’m Markus

Now that you’ve introduced yourself and you’re talking to someone, it is polite to let them introduce themselves to you, as well. If you wish to know their name(s), you say;

  1. ¿Cómo te llamas? — What is your name?

If you’ve been introduced to someone, the words ‘mucho gusto’ which literally translate to ‘pleasure’, can be used. It can also be said to mean ‘nice to meet you’. It helps if you’re looking to be polite you say;

  1. Mucho Gusto — Nice to meet you

Now that you know who you are talking to, perhaps you would like to share more about yourself. It is a great way to break the ice and continue the conversation. If you’re trying to talk more about yourself, then these phrases can come in very handy;

  1. Yo tengo … años — I am … years old.
  2. Yo soy de — I come from

Greetings are the creators of conversations. If you’re trying to start a conversation with someone, and you also wish to keep it going, then greetings are in order. Almost everyone knows ‘hola’ which means either ‘hi’ or ‘hello’,but why stop there when you can go further. To share a greeting in Spanish, and you say;

  1. Buenos días — Good morning
  2. Buenas tardes — Good afternoon
  3. Buenas noches — Good evening / Good night

To keep things flowing, asking about the welfare of your companion is a nice step. Here are some sentences to do just that, and keep you very much in the conversation.

  1. Cómo está usted? — How are you? (formal)
  2. ¿Cómo estás? — How are you? (informal)
  3. ¿Qué tal? — How are you? (informal) / What’s up?
  4. ¿Cómo te va? — How’s it going?
  5. ¿Qué haces? — What are you doing?
  6. ¿Qué pasa? — What’s happening?

Of course, it is not always the case that you are the one asking these questions. Perhaps your personality is so charming that they seek to continue speaking with you. In that case, if you’re the one being greeted and you wish to respond, a big smile and these phrases are just what you need

  1. Bien, gracias — Good, thank you
  2. Muy bien — Very well
  3. Así, así — So, so
  4. Como siempre — As always

And you should not be forgetting thus very vital follow up question,

  1. ¿Y tú? — And you?

Now since you are pretty much still a beginner, and it may be difficult to keep up with native speakers, you might want to revert back to a more comfortable language for you, such as English. If it all becomes too overwhelming, and you’re wondering if the person you’re speaking with understands English, but you do not want to be rude by just switching to English, then you ask;

  1. ¿Habla inglés? — Do you speak English?

If responding nicely is still your aim, then you say

  1. ¡Gracias! — Thank you!
  2. ¡Muchas gracias! — Thank you very much!
  3. ¡De nada! — You’re welcome! / No problem!

It’s always nice to add these at the end of your sentences, so that you don’t seem rude. They always come in quite handy!

  1. Por favor — Please (generally used at the end of a sentence)
  2. ¡Perdon! — Excuse me!
  3. ¡Disculpe! — Excuse me! (to apologize in advance for troubling them a bit too much)
  4. ¡Lo siento! — Sorry! (to apologize for a mistake)

These 30 basic Spanish words for beginners should do just the trick in making your travel experience to a Spanish speaking location easy and smooth. We may have covered the basics however, but there are words you could also make use of in the Spanish vocabulary, especially if you are looking to make your usage effective. Here’s a bonus section of commonly used words that you might find useful in your day to day activities in Spanish.

If you want to ask questions, these words are very use

  • Qué…? — What?
  • ¿Quién…? — Who?
  • ¿Cuándo…? — When?
  • ¿Dónde…? — Where?
  • ¿Por qué…? — Why?
  • ¿Cuál? — Which?
  • ¿Cómo…? — How?

Now here are some more complex question structures that you will be needing, especially if you intend to get around.

  • ¿Qué hora tienes? — What time is it?
  • ¿De dónde viene? — Where are you from?
  • ¿Dónde vives? — Where do you live?
  • ¿Puede ayudarme? — Can you help me?
  • ¿Podría ayudarle? — Can I help you?
  • ¿Cuánto cuesta eso? — How much does it cost?
  • ¿Qué hora tienes? — What time is it?
  • ¿Entiende? — Do you understand?
  • ¡Puede repetirlo! — Can you say that again?
  • ¿Qué significa [word]? — What does [word] mean?
  • ¿Puedes hablar más despacio? — Can you speak slowly?
  • ¿Dónde puedo encontrar un taxi? — Where can I find a taxi?
  • ¿Dónde está [hotel’s name] hotel? — Where is [hotel’s name] hotel?

  If you are learning how to ask questions in Spanish, it is also important to learn how to answer in Spanish too

  • Sí — Yes
  • No — No
  • Tal vez — Maybe
  • Siempre — Always
  • Nunca — Never
  • Claro — Of course
  • ¡Sin problema! — No problem!
  • No entiendo — I don’t understand!
  • No (lo) sé — I don’t know!
  • No tengo ni idea — I have no idea!
  • No hablo español — I don’t speak Spanish
  • Estoy perdido — I’m lost
  • Mi español es malo — My Spanish is bad

Perhaps you happen upon an occasion. If you want to send in your well wishes, here are some words to use for celebrating occasions

  • ¡Feliz Cumpleaños! — Happy Birthday!
  • ¡Felicitaciones! — Congratulations!
  • ¡Diviértete! — Have fun!
  • ¡Buen provecho! — Bon appetit!
  • ¡Bienvenidos! / ¡Bienvenidas! — Welcome!
  • Salud! — Cheers!

Saying goodbye can be sad business; very sad business indeed. No one likes goodbyes, and we bet with how your trip’s gone, you wouldn’t really want it to end, at least not so soon. All good things must come to an end, hard as it may be, and eventually you will have to. Here’s how to say goodbye or farewell in Spanish

  • Adiós — Goodbye
  • Chao — Goodbye
  • Hasta luego — See you later (most likely today)
  • Hasta mañana — See you tomorrow
  • Nos vemos — See you (informal)
  • ¡Cuídate mucho! — Take care!
  • ¡Tenga un buen día! — Have a nice day!
  • ¡Hasta luego! — See you soon!
  • ¡Buen viaje! — Have a good trip!

How about regular words that may be used in daily Spanish speak? We’ve also got list of them for you to learn.

Spanish Word Bank

el aeropuerto airport
lapanadería bakery
el parque park
el banco bank
la farmácia pharmacy
la playa beach
la estación de la policía police station
los correos post office
la iglesia church
la escuela school
almacén grocery store
el estadio stadium
el hogar home
tienda  store
la hospital hospital
la estación del tren train station
perro                 dog
el bosque forest
gato                  cat
los árboles trees
ratón mouse
planta plant
ave bird
flor flower
gallina/gallo chicken/rooster
selva jungle
la vaca cow
el océano ocean
pato/a duck
el río river


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