Commonly Confused

What is the difference between aesthetic and esthetic

At least one of these words sounds familiar. Even if they don’t, pronouncing them leaves a familiar taste in the mouth; and that’s probably because they sound so alike. They even spell the same, except of course, for the fact that one starts with the letter ‘A’ and the other does not.

Similarities aside, what is the Aesthetic and Esthetic difference? Let’s take this lesson on Aesthetic vs Esthetic

So, what are the differences?

Interestingly, you’d be surprised to find out that minus the difference in A’s, Aesthetic and Esthetic  definition are indeed the same. The main difference is that ‘Aesthetic’ is used in British English spelling, and ‘Esthetic’ is used in American English spelling. This is unlike the case with than and then which are different in spelling and meaning, but may sound similar when they are pronounced.

Aesthetic and Esthetic have basically the same meaning, once the context of the sentence in question has been properly established. That is, once you’ve determined the meaning of the word, either spelling can be used.

This same phenomenon occurs in the case of ‘colour’ and ‘color’. In some countries, especially commonwealth and European countries, ‘colour’ is the accepted spelling; whereas in others, mostly the Americas, ‘color’ is used instead.

With regards to meaning, as aforementioned, there is very little difference. As we’ve established before, once the context of the sentence has been established, they mean the same thing.

Let us now define Aesthetic vs Esthetic

Aesthetic refers to a thing that possesses artistic qualities or values, thereby being or looking appealing to our senses; or it is used to describe someone’s idea of what is beautiful. Alternatively, Aesthetics is also a field of philosophy that is related with a sense of beauty, especially appreciation of beauty in nature and art.

Esthetics is a word with exactly the same meaning, being specifically used in the cosmetic industry. It is used to mean something beautiful or something showing appreciation of human beauty.

As an adjective, aesthetic or esthetic mean being concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty; giving or designed to give pleasure through beauty. An example(s) of the words in usage is;

“the pictures give great aesthetic pleasure”

“The paintings are such aesthetic objects”

As a noun, the words mean ‘a set of principles underlying the work of a particular artist or artistic movement’.

Activities such as waxing, the shaping of eyebrows, aromatherapy (which is the use of aromatic materials, including essential oils, and other aromatic compounds, to improve the pyschology or physical state of a person, facial treatments and plastic surgery, or any other activities done to improve upon what one has got since birth, are classified under esthetics.

In medical science, aesthetics and esthetics describe the occupation of someone, particularly one specialising in the provision of a wide range of skin care services.

The word Aesthetic or Esthetic is of Greek origins, having been coined from various words late in the 18th century such as ‘aisthētikos’, meaning ‘in relation to perceiving through the senses’, ‘aisthēta’ meaning ‘things that are perceptible’ and from ‘aisthesthai’ which means ‘to perceive’. It’s adoption into English language occured in the early 19th century, after the usage of the word with regards to “being concerned with beauty” coined in German mid 18th century.

In conclusion, there is no real difference between Aesthetic and Esthetic. Many parts of the world have simply changed the spelling of ‘aesthetic’ to esthetic, and so it is regarded as an alternative spelling to the former. In their usage, they both mean the same thing, and it is really just a matter of spelling preference.


The difference between than vs then

Than vs Then is a battle many people face. It is easy to mix them up in writing and speech. They look alike and have three similar letters. When typing, it is possible to mix them up and your spell checker will not spot the error. For example, as I am writing this, my spell checker is suggesting I change the ‘Than’ I used as the first word of the paragraph to ‘Then’.


They do not sound alike so errors arising from usage in speech are a bigger problem. If you have this problem, this than vs then worksheet is for you. The difference between than and then, like connotation and denotation, arises from its meanings. These word twins look alike on paper but sound different in speech.

The first step to knowing the difference between both words is to know their definitions.

So, what are the differences?

Than and Then are two separate words, they do not share the same meaning.

There are several instances we use the word ‘Than’. We use it for comparison. For example, she is fatter than her sister.

As conjunction – He is older than I am.

– She is smarter than us.

As a preposition – She is bigger than you.

– He is faster than me.

‘Then’ has several meanings. It indicates action (what is next) and time.

As an action – He grabbed the bag, then ran away.

– She dropped the kids at school, then drove to work.

To show time – Ever since then, she no longer walks alone at night.

– Until then, do not stop trying.

As an adverb – I lived in Alaska then.

– I worked with Frisco Farms then.

As an adjective – The then President of my country. 

As a consequence – If John and Jane are siblings, then they cannot marry.

Than vs Then Rule

It is embarrassing when you make simple grammatical errors. Having an editor or friend point out to you, ‘Hey, it’s not than, it’s then” is an embarrassing moment.

These two four-letter words look alike but do not have the same meaning. Using than instead of then, then instead of than distorts the meaning of what you are saying or writing.

Then functions in sentences as an adverb while than functions as conjunction. Can you see where the confusion is coming from? They are both connecting words.

The than vs then rule is all about knowing when to use them. We use the word ‘than’ when we want to compare things or persons. It is a comparison word. We use the word ‘then’ when we want to show time.

Than – For comparing things or people.

Then – For indicating time.

Keeping these basic definitions at the back of your mind is key to ending the misuse of the words.

There is no better way to learn the difference between the two words than to do than vs then practices. Practice! And more practice is the key to all learning.

Examples of 100 compounds words

Your kids may ask “what are Compound words?”

Compound words are formed when two or more words are joined together to create a new word that has an entirely new meaning. It’s literally just the process of additions; only it’s in English!

For example, “sun” and “flower” are two very different words with their own distinct meanings but when you fuse them together, they form another word, “Sunflower”. Compound words are formed by either adding a hyphen in the middle or simply just using the two words as a single term.  The spelling of the two words is not necessarily changed when they are joined together, but the definition becomes unique. There are three types of compound words for kids in this compound words worksheet;

Closed Compound words: These words are written as a single word, such as haircut, newspaper, grandmother, etc.

Open Compounds: Compound words that are written as separate words such as high school, living room, school bus, etc.

Hyphenated Compounds: Words that use a hyphen in between two words, such as well-known, second-rate, merry-go-round, etc

Here are a 100 examples of Compound words for grade 1 for your kids, and if you’re looking to further improve their vocabulary, you can do so with these learn new words list

Compound Words List

Air + Plane – Airplane

Air + port – Airport

Angel + fish – Angelfish

Ant + farm – Antfarm

Ball + park – Ballpark

Beach + ball – Beachball

Bike + rack – Bikerack

Bill + board – Billboard

Black + hole – Blackhole

Blue + berry – Blueberry

Board + walk – Boardwalk

Body + guard – Bodyguard

Book + store – Bookstore

Bow + Tie – Bowtie

Brain + storm – Brainstorm

Bus + boy – Busboy

Cab + driver – Cabdriver

Candle + stick – Candlestick

Car + wash – Carwash

Cart + wheel – Cartwheel

Cat + fish – Catfish

Cave + man – Caveman

Chocolate + chip – Chocolate chip

Cross + bow – Crossbow

Day + dream – Daydream

Dead + end – Deadend

Dog + house – Doghouse

Dragon + fly – Dragonfly

Dress + shoes – Dress-shoes

Drop + down – Dropdown

Ear + lobe – Earlobe

Earth + quake – Earthquake

Eye + balls – Eyeballs

Father + in + law – Father-in-law

Finger + nail – Fingernail

Fire + cracker – Firecracker

Fire + fighter – Firefighter

Fire + fly – Firefly

Fire + work – Firework

Fish + bowl – Fishbowl

Fisher + man – Fisherman

Fish + hook – Fishhook

Foot + ball – Football

For + get – Forget

For + give – Forgive

French + fries – French fries

Good + night – Goodnight

Grand + child – Grandchild

Ground + hog – Groundhog

Hair + band – Hairband

Ham + burger – Hamburger

Hand + cuff – Handcuff

Hand + out – Handout

Hand + shake – Handshake

Head + band – Headband

Her + self – Herself

High + heels – Highheels

Honey + dew – Honeydew

Hop + scotch – Hopscotch

Horse + man – Horseman

Horse + play – Horseplay

Hot + dog – Hotdog

Ice + cream – Icecream

It + self – Itself

Kick + ball – Kickball

Kick + boxing – Kickboxing

Lap + top – Laptop

Life + time – Lifetime

Light + house – Lighthouse

Mail + man – mailman

Make + Up – Makeup

Mid + night – Midnight

Milk + shake – Milkshake

Moon + rocks – Moonrocks

Moon + walk – Moonwalk

Mother + in – law – Mother-in-law

Movie + Theater – Movie theater

New + born – Newborn

News + letter – Newsletter

News + paper – Newspaper

Night + light – Nightlight

No + body – Nobody

North + pole – Northpole

Nose + bleed – Nosebleed

Outer + space – Outer space

Over + The + Counter – Over-the-counter

Over + estimate – Overestimate

Pay + check – Paycheck

Police + man – Policeman

Pony + tail – Ponytail

Post + card – Postcard

Racquet + ball – Racquetball

Rail + road – Railroad

Rain + bow – Rainbow

Rain + coat – Raincoat

Rain + drop – Raindrop

Rattle + snake – Rattlesnake

Rock + band – Rockband

Rocket + ship – Rocketship

Row + boat – Rowboat

Sail + boat – Sailboat

Sure your kids are by now interested in Compound words, and are looking to learn some more. We’ve got you covered. Here are some more Compound words for your kids to play around with









Solar system

















Take down






Tennis shoes











Video game









150 Examples of Compound Words for Kids – Blog …. https://www.turtlediary.com/blogs/150-examples-of-compound-words-for-kids.html

200 homophones examples list

A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same, to a varying extent, as another word but differs totally in meaning. A homophone may also differ in spelling. The two words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of “rise”), or differently, such as carat, and carrot, or to, two, and too. The term “homophone” may also apply to units longer or shorter than words, such as phrases, letters, or groups of letters which are pronounced the same as another phrase, letter, or group of letters. Any unit with this property is said to be “homophonous”. Homophones are often used to create puns and to deceive the reader (as in crossword puzzles) or to suggest multiple meanings. They usually occur in groups of two but sometimes they can be three or four in a group. It’s important to recognize and identify the most common homophones because the spelling can change the entire meaning of a sentence

English Language has more homophones than most languages because its pronunciation has changed a lot over time, while its spelling has changed very little. Many words have been borrowed from other languages through the centuries and this explains why English spelling is so strange (or confusing!). For example: right (Old English: riht) vs. write (Old English: writan) vs. rite (Latin: ritus). In the past, these words would have been pronounced differently, but today they all sound the same in modern English.

Homophones are a type of homonym. Homonyms, broadly defined, are words which are homographs (words that share the same spelling, regardless of pronunciation) or homophones (words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of spelling), or both.

 You can find out more about these types of words and word types/structures in Connotation vs Denotation

Here are 200 homophones for kids to read up on. You can use also use this homophones list for a homophones worksheet

abel — able

accede — exceed

accept — except

addition — edition

all ready — already

ax — acts

axel — axle

axes — axis

aye — eye — I

ayes — eyes

baa — bah

baal — bail

bass — base

baste — based

bate — bait

bated — baited

bawl — ball

been — bin

beer — bier

beet — beat

bell — belle

berry — bury

berth — birth

better — bettor

bib — bibb

bight — bite

bury — berry

bussed — bust

but — butt

buy — by — bye

byte — bight

cache — cash

caddie — caddy

cain — cane

cheap — cheep

check — Czech

cheep — cheap

chews — choose

chic — sheik

click — clique

climb — clime

clique — click

colonel — kernel

coolie — coulee

coop — coupe

cops — copse

coral — choral

cord — cored

core — corps

cored — chord

corps — core

coughers — coffers

coulee — coolie

council — counsel

coup — coo

course — coarse

cousin — cozen

coward — cowered

coy — koi

cozen — cousin

craft — kraft

crape — crepe

crawl — kraal

creak — creek

crepe — crape

crewel — cruel

dense — dents

descent — dissent

dun — done

dye — die

dyeing — dying

fare — fair

fate — fete

faun — fawn

fax — facts

faze — phase

feat — feet

feint — faint

fends — fens

flour — flower

flow — floe

flower — flour

flu — flue — flew

flyer — flier

foaled — fold

fort — forte

forward — foreword

foul — fowl

four — fore — for

fourth — forth

gibe — jibe

gnu — knew — new

gofer — gopher

gored — gourd

gorilla — guerilla

gourd — gored

grade — grayed

graft — graphed

graham — gram

graphed — graft

heroin — heroine

hertz — hurts

hew — hue

hoes — hose

hold — holed

hole — whole

holed — hold

hue — hew


incite — insight

jam — jamb

jean — gene

jell — gel

jibe — gibe

kernel — colonel

knap — nap

knave — nave

ladder — latter

lade — laid

lain — lane

lays — laze

lea — lee

leach — leech

lead — led

leak — leek

lean — lien

leased — least

led — lead

lee — lea

leech — leach

liar — lier

lichen — liken

lie — lye

lien — lean

lier — liar

lieu — Lou

liken — lichen

lochs — locks

lock — loch

locks — lox

mints — mince

missal — missile

missed — mist

misses — Mrs.

missile — missal

mist — missed

mite — might

moan — mown

moat — mote

mode — mowed

mood — mooed

moose — mousse

morn — mourn

nice — gneiss

Nice — niece

nickers — knickers

niece — Nice

oh — owe

one — won

owe — oh

padded — patted

paean — paeon

pail — pale

pain — pane

pair — pare

pale — pail

parish — perish

real — reel

root — route

rose — rows

rows — rose

rude — rued

rue — roux

rued — rude

troop — troupe

trussed — trust

turn — tern

tutor — tooter

tux — tucks

urn — earn

use — ewes

vale — veil

vane — vein

vary — very

veil — vale

vein — vain

ways — weighs

we — wee

we’ll — wheel

weak — week

wear — where

weave — we’ve

wretch — retch

wring — ring

yew — ewe — you

yews — use

yoke — yolk

you’ll — Yule

your — you’re

yule — you’ll


Here are some more examples of homophones to play around with;


air, heir                         aisle, isle

ante-, anti-                   bare, bear, bear

be, bee                         brake, break

buy, by                         cell, sell

cent, scent                  cereal, serial

coarse, course            complement, compliment

dam, damn                  dear, deer

die, dye                       eye, I

fair, fare                      fir, fur

flour, flower                hair, hare

heal, heel                    hear, here

him, hymn                   hole, whole

hour, our                     idle, idol

in, inn                          knight, night

knot, not                     know, no

made, maid                mail, male

meat, meet                morning, mourning

none, nun                   oar, or

one, won                    pair, pear

peace piece               plain, plane

poor, pour                  pray, prey

principal, principle     profit, prophet




The difference between connotation vs denotation

It is not uncommon for people to use the word denotation where they mean connotation and the other way around. It is easy to mix these two terms up.

They are two ways to define a word. This is the reason people tend to mess them up, they both deal with the meaning of a word. We use denotation and connotation in our writing and speech. The words we speak have two meanings: connotation and denotation.

Interestingly, both words have the same Latin root word. The root is ‘notare’ which translates to English as ‘to note.’

Connotation and denotation sound alike but have different meanings.

Enough of the similarities, let’s look at their differences?

So, what are their differences?

If you want to gain mastery of the English Language, and not get confused with all its intricacies, it is a must to know how to properly differentiate between connotation denotation.

What is Connotation? It is the idea a word suggests in addition to the meaning of the word; the underlying meaning or the feeling a word invokes.

What is Denotation? It is the literal or direct meaning of a word.

Words have two meanings – connotative and denotative. The problem is people make mistakes of not properly distinguishing between the connotative meaning of a word and its denotative meaning.

There is a clear relationship between words, its connotative and denotative meanings, and the users. 

Has someone ever said something to you and you are like ‘Dude, what are you saying?’ It is likely the person is using a connotation while you are interpreting the speech from the viewpoint of denotation.

Another way to look at the difference between connotation and denotation is to see denotation as the primary meaning of a word, and connotation as the secondary meaning of a word.

Connotation vs Denotation Examples

The connotation is the meaning of a word according to the context (cultural or personal) usage while denotation is the standard meaning of a word you easily get from a dictionary.

There is a lot of connotation vs denotation examples in the English Language. The phrase ‘a lot of’ is an understatement. Almost all words in the English Language have a connotation and a denotation. It all depends on the context the word is used.

For example, the word home has a connotative and denotative meaning. The denotative meaning of home is ‘a building structure where people live in’. Home as ‘a place of comfort and belonging’ is the connotative meaning. It is not necessarily a physical building.

‘Jim has a home in Alaska’ – From this sentence, the meaning is clear. Jim is telling us he has a physical building in Alaska he calls home. This is an example of denotation. We do not struggle with denotation, it’s the other that’s tricky.

‘He made my heart his home’ – This is an example of connotation. We have to dig deeper than the surface meaning to understand this sentence. The person is telling us how someone made his heart their home. It is impossible to build a physical structure in someone’s heart so that thought is canceled. The connotative meaning of home here is ‘He made me fall in love with him.’

Let’s look at another connotation vs denotation activity to test how well we are getting their differences.

The word baggage has both a connotative and denotative meaning. The denotative meaning is ‘a bag where we store items for easy transportation.’

‘Sarah forgot to take her baggage to the airport.’ – The baggage here is referring to a bag. This is the denotative meaning.

‘Sarah has baggage.’ – Now, this is tricky. Do you mean Sarah has a bag which is the denotative meaning of the word, or Sarah has some drama in her which is the connotative meaning.

To know what type of baggage it is – denotation or connotation, you have to know the context of usage. If the person is talking about items, going out, it is likely the person is referring to baggage as a bag. If the person is talking about feelings, it is likely the person is referring to baggage as negative drama.

Connotation vs Denotation Anchor Chart

Using an anchor chart is an effective way to teach the difference between connotation and denotation.



This refers to the suggested or implied meaning of a word.

This refers to the basic or actual meaning of a word.



Look at that dog – If you are referring to the human, you mean that human is ugly or acts like an animal.

Look at that dog – If you are referring to a dog, you mean ‘hey, that’s a dog.’

He is wearing a vintage shirt.

The store downtown sells a lot of vintage items.


This connotation vs denotation anchor chart explains everything. Knowing the basic difference between these two words will save you from misinterpreting what you read or hear. 

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